One in three cases of dementia could be potentially prevented by targeting nine risk factors, including continuing education in early life, reducing hearing loss in mid-life, and stopping or reducing smoking. Such prevention requires public health interventions, as well as individual action. Acting now will vastly improve life for people with dementia and their families, and in doing so, will transform the future of society.
• Dementia is the greatest global challenge for health and social care in the 21st century
• The number of people with dementia is increasing globally
• Prevention is possible and rates of dementia can be greatly decreased
• 9 lifestyle risk factors account for 35% of the risk of getting dementia
• While genes affect Alzheimer’s disease they are relatively less important in older people. The only important gene APOE4 accounts for 7% of risk
• Ambitious action is required at both a policy and
societal level to implement preventative strategies
NINE PREVENTABLE RISK FACTORS
• stopping education at the age of 12-15 years old
Each year in the UK, 5% to 10% of people diagnosed with pre-diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes. People with pre-diabetes will often have no symptoms, but have an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.
What is Pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is also called Impaired Glucose Tolerance. Like diabetes, pre-diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high and the body cannot use it properly. The glucose levels are not high enough at this stage to be diagnosed with diabetes.
In pre-diabetes, the pancreas (an organ in the body) does not produce enough insulin or the insulin that is produced doesn’t work properly. Insulin is a hormone in the blood which lowers and controls blood glucose level. This is often the result of carrying extra fat around the waist area.
Either a fasting plasma glucose test or an HbA1c test may be used to diagnose type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.
The following results indicate the presence of prediabetes:
Fasting plasma glucose: 6.0 mmol/L to 6.9 mmol/L
HbA1c: 42 to 47 mmol/mol (6.0 to 6.4%)
Is there a cure for Pre-diabetes?
The good news is that cases of pre-diabetes that are identified early on can be reversed, preventing them from progressing into full-blown type 2 diabetes.
There are no medications which can treat or cure pre-diabetes. The only way of reducing your risk of diabetes is through lifestyle changes. This includes:
increasing activity levels,
eating a healthy and balanced diet
maintaining a healthy weight.
If you would like support please make an appointment with our Nurse or Healthcare assistant for a review. Also visit One You Hounslow who can help you eat well, move more, stop smoking or drink less.
If you’re under 25 and you’re sexually active, you should get tested for chlamydia every year or when you change sexual partner, as you’re more likely to catch it. Testing for chlamydia is done with a urine test or a swab test.
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the UK.
It’s passed on from one person to another through unprotected sex (sex without a condom) and is particularly common in sexually active teenagers and young adults.
Make an appointment with our Healthcare assistant to get tested or ask reception for a urine sample and a form.
Pain relief such as paracetamol and aspirin (aspirin should not be given to children under 16 or to people with asthma). Children’s paracetamol oral suspension and ibuprofen syrups – free from pharmacy if you receive free prescriptions
Mild laxatives to relieve constipation
Cold relief products
Rehydration mixtures for diarrhoea or vomiting to use if feeling dehydrated after a bout of sickness or diarrhoea
Travel sickness tablets for family trips
A thermometer to check for fever
A range of bandages, plasters, non-absorbent cotton wool, elastic bandages and dressings for minor cuts, sprains and bruises
Come and get your pulse checked between 8-11am on Thursday 27th April 2017 at Firstcare Practice. Only takes a minute!
In atrial fibrillation, the heart rate is irregular and can sometimes be very fast. In some cases, it can be considerably higher than 100 beats a minute. This can cause problems including dizziness, shortness of breath and tiredness. You may be aware of noticeable heart palpitations, where your heart feels like it’s pounding, fluttering or beating irregularly, often for a few seconds or, in some cases, a few minutes. Sometimes, atrial fibrillation doesn’t cause any symptoms and a person with it is completely unaware that their heart rate isn’t regular.